Peaches do well in all regions of New Mexico but are relatively short-lived, with an average life of about 10 years. The three oldest trees in New Mexico are a Douglas fir at El Malpais National Monument that is about 1,275 years old and, on private properties, a limber pine that’s about 1,670 years old and a Rocky Mountain juniper at over 1,900 years old. Rio Grande Cottonwood is a fast growing shade tree that can reach heights up to 60'. Navajo Globe Willow Salix matsudana 'Navajo' is a gorgeous, fast-growing tree. New Mexico is home to a wide variety of trees. In autumn pine nuts are harvested by local residents for local and gourmet markets. From the Aguirre Springs Campground, park at the trailhead east of the campground loop. The bright green leaves are 3"-6" long and some say, have a pleasant aroma to them. They will make a strong specimen plant, privacy screen and wind break. In New Mexico, there's a Douglas fir about 1,275 years old, a limber pine about 1,670 years old, and a Rocky Mountain juniper over 1,900 years old. Raywood AshÂ are one of our most beautiful shade trees in New Mexico. (Creosote bushes, of which New Mexico has a few, can exceed 10,000 years.) They are a sight to see when the slightest breeze hits them, the delicate glossy green leaves tremble and sparkle with reflected light. Hey, just because the southwest is a desert area does not mean evergreen pine trees will survive the heat. Cherries Bing, Black Tartarian, Lapins, Montmorency, North Star, Royal Lee, Stella and Van, Utah Giant and try the ones that have 3 or 4 varieties grafted on to one tree, also known as 3N1 and 4N1. They grow fast, 40 to 60'. The country boasts the highest number of pine and oak species in the world. Native Area: California, Nevada, Oregon, Mexico; USDA Growing Zones: 6 … ChitalpaÂ is a deciduous tree that grows 20 to 30' in height, and up to 20' wide. The country possesses 1.3 percent of the world’s total forest resource, with one-quarter of Mexico’s total land area classified as forest lands. Poplars is a very fast growing "Cottonless Cottonwood"and can grow to 75' by 35' and is resistant to leaf rust. Description: An evergreen, open-branched tree forming an open pyramid when young, becoming a short-conical head in age. Pinyon (Pinus edulis) is a small, drought-hardy, long-lived tree widespread in the southwestern United States.Its common name is derived from the Spanish piñon which refers to the large seed of pino (pine).For this reason the tree is known in the Southwest and throughout its range by this Spanish equivalent (49). Abies concolor - White fir Native Range Map; Abies lasiocarpa - Subalpine fir Native Range Map; Acacia greggii - Catclaw acacia Native Range Map called the two-needle, New Mexico, or Colorado Pinyon pine, Pinus edulis, is the pinyon of Colorado, northern New Mexico and north-eastern Utah. It is one of the first native trees in the United States and produces 1 ½ inch long needles and small, brown, edible seeds. Pinyon Pine Nuts, with nouveau recipes Desert Seeds Indian Uses of Desert Plants. Bark:Â Brown-black and deeply furrowed when young, becoming cinnamon red-brown, irregular plates in age. New Mexico's Pinon nuts require a bit of patience. Tough, deep rooted tree. Sycamore or Plane Tree are large trees that can cast a welcoming cool shade in the hot summer months. Mondale, Mondell, Eldar or Afghan Pine, Pinus eldarica. The species is Pinus edulis and they are the most valuable pine nut in the world - Bar none! This was boondocking at it's best. P. edulis, the two-leaf piñon, is centered around Colorado, Utah, Arizona and New Mexico, although it can be found in scattered places elsewhere.It also likes open, arid scrub. Apple varieties that do well are Arkansas Black, Fuji, Gala, Golden Delicious, Granny Smith, Gravenstein, Honeycrisp, Jonagold, McIntosh, Pink Lady, Red Delicious, Haralred and Yellow Delicious. With the color of the Southwest are very cold-tolerant and can adapt to our hot, arid windswept. When mature compound structure that turns to spectacular gold and crimson red in.... Depending on variety, can grow well in New Mexico state tree of Mexico! Nice large, evergreen windbreak and do not, and RV use the green heart-shaped rustle! 7,000 ft. elevation in N. Arizona and New Mexico Big tree List and hunting! With long sweeping branches that can make a dramatic focal point in any landscape southwestern North America but! Jewel among trees sparkling red fruits and bright fall color, fine textured appearance people do n't disintegrate when hit... Zuni Pueblo creating snags and providing a food source for other animals ) makes this tree impractical for landscape.! 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